Virginia grew by nearly 1 million people in the past decade, but it won't be gaining any seats in the U.S. House of Representatives.
The U.S. Census Bureau announced the initial results of the 2010 census Tuesday, including congressional apportionment data. The U.S. population on April 1 was 308,745,538 -- a 9.7 percent increase since 2000.
Virginia's population as of the same day was 8,001,024 -- up 13 percent from 2000. Although the pace of growth in the state was slightly higher than the national average, it was not enough for the commonwealth to pick up an additional seat in the House of Representatives. Virginia last gained a congressional seat in 1990.
Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Nevada, South Carolina, Utah and Washington will gain one or two seats. Texas will pick up four House seats. Illinois, Iowa, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, Ohio and Pennsylvania will lose one or two seats, according to census figures.
The Census Bureau will begin rolling out more detailed information about each state in February so they can begin redistricting processes. State officials have said they expect Virginia to be among the first states to receive the data because of its early primary.
Each of Virginia's 11 congressional districts will need to be shifted to be as close as possible to the "ideal" district size for the state, which is 730,703 constituents per congressman. Based on 2009 population estimates, the 8th Congressional District will need to enlarge its boundaries slightly and the 11th Congressional District will need to shrink slightly.
U.S. Rep. Frank Wolf's district, the 8th Congressional District, will need to shift more significantly. The estimated population of his district was greater than 850,000 in 2009.
If no House of Delegates or Senate districts are added in Virginia, the ideal district size for House seats will be 88,900, about 10,000 higher than estimated in a preliminary state redistricting report in August, and the ideal size for state Senate districts will be about 200,000.
In November, the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors formed a citizen panel to draft a reapportionment plan for the county magisterial districts. Katherine Hanley, a former Board of Supervisors chairwoman and former secretary of the commonwealth under Gov. Timothy M. Kaine (D), will chair the advisory group.
The panel can propose rebalancing the nine existing districts or propose adding a district, if warranted. The panel is expected to recommend a reapportionment plan to the Board of Supervisors in March. The board is expected to have a public hearing on the proposal in late March, and adopt a plan by the end of April.